Seven Chinese Dialects
Linguists generally recognize seven major Chinese dialect areas in China, namely Northern dialect, Wu dialect, Xiang dialect, Gan dialect, Hakka, Min dialect and Cantonese.
- North dialect is the foundation of modern Chinese national common dialect, with Beijing dialect as its representative. Also, the Northern dialect is the basic language of the modem Han Nationality. Thus, it is the most widely distributed dialect with speakers accounting for 73% of Han people.
- Wu dialect is represented by early Suzhou speech, and now using in Shanghai and Suzhou areas. Its speakers account for 7.2% of Han people.
- Xiang dialect is using in Changsha speech and also distributed throughout Hunan Province. Its speakers account for 3.2% of Han people.
- The representative of Gan dialect is Nanchang dialect. The Chinese mainly use Gan dialect in Jiangxi area, with its speakers accounting for 3.3% of Han people.
- Chinese people mainly speak Hakka dialect in the four areas. They are Guang Dong, Jiang Xi, Fu Jian and the southeast parts of Guang Xi province. It’s speakers accounting for 3.6% of Han people.
- Min Chinese dialect consists of Min Nan dialect and Min Bei dialect. Chinese people are primarily using Min Chinese dialect across six provinces. Including Fu Jian province, Hai Nan province, and Guang Dong province. They also speak Min dialect in Lei Zhou peninsula and the south parts of Zhe Jiang province, with its speakers account for 5.7% of Han people.
- Yue dialect’s another name is Cantonese and represented by Guangzhou speech, with its speakers accounting for 4% of Han people.