Cantonese – One of the seven major Chinese dialects

Cantonese dialects is a kind of Chinese Dialects of Han tone language belonged to Sino-Tibetan language family.It originated from ancient Chinese plains YaYan which is a mother language of Han. Ethnic groups in north China, and in the Qin and Han Dynasty it spread to Guangdong and Guangxi region. When combined with the local ancient Yue language to produce a new dialect.

It, a unique dialect, is one of the seven major Chinese dialects. And its name comes from an ancient country “NaYueGuo” located in Lingnan area of China; also known as 广东话、广府话、文言、唐话. It is a kind of Han tone language belonged to Sino-Tibetan language family. At present, there are more than 70 million speakers all over the world; accounting for about 5% of the population of Han nationality.

Although Cantonese dialects speakers are less than Chinese speakers, the region of Cantonese-speaking is very extensive. Cantonese is not only the mother tongue of most people residing in Hong Kong, Macao, most part of Guangdong Province and the southeastern Guangxi Province. But also widely spoken in the overseas Chinese community, such as Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Chinatown of USA; which makes it has a strong influence and vitality in the world.

Cantonese dialects accent have slight differences in different areas, and Guangzhou accent is the standard tone.

· ORIGINATED

It directly originated from the ancient Chinese plains YaYan which is a mother language of Han Ethnic groups in northern china。With similar to other dialects,the formation and development of Cantonese is a long process.

During the Qin and Han Dynasties, it separated itself from its mother ancient Chinese; during Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties period, it had a rapid development; by the Tang and Song Dynasty, it became more mature; the difference between Chinese and Cantonese was more and more obvious. Cantonese basically independent; and during Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasties; it had formed its own characteristics, and became completely independent.

· CHARACTERISTICS

Without turbidity plug initials
• Tone up to 9: flat up various points of Yin and Yang, Yin tone (from GuQingYin initials) and Yang tone (from ancient voiced) match neat, use tone 3
• Even reading, but there is no obvious tone sandhi rich semantics
• One-syllable ancient word more
• In grammar, classifier can separately and the noun phrases constitutes a quantity name
• From early 19 century to now, it has published many dictionaries of the Yue dialect, including academic ones and less encyclopedia, such as a dictionary of Hong Kong.

· CULTURE

Cantonese Opera is a traditional Chinese art form that originated in southern China.It is singing in Cantonese and very popular in southern China. The lion dance is a well-known and unique for Guangdong’s folk brand, and it mixed the martial arts, dance, and music together perfectly, and it will be performed whenever festival coming in order to celebrate the holiday.

Chinese dialects
Chinese dialects

58 thoughts on “Cantonese – One of the seven major Chinese dialects

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